Mechanical Music Digest  Archives
You Are Not Logged In Login/Get New Account
Please Log In. Accounts are free!
Logged In users are granted additional features including a more current version of the Archives and a simplified process for submitting articles.
Home Archives Calendar Gallery Store Links Info
MMD > Archives > March 2000 > 2000.03.10 > 09Prev  Next

Victor "Orthophonic Credenza" Phonograph
By Jim Canavan

The "Credenza" was one of the largest models of Victors "Orthophonic"
line, introduced in the mid-1920s.  Designed in conjunction with Bell
Labs, the Orthophonics were mechanical phonographs (mostly spring-
wound, although they could also be purchased with electric motors to
drive the turntable) which were designed to play the new
electrically-recorded records.

Using a reproducer with a aluminium diaphragm and a large, internal,
re-entrant horn (which folded in on itself) they did an incredible job
reproducing electrical records via a totally mechanical process.  They
sounded far better than the totally electric phonographs (such as the
Brunswick Panatrope) of the time.

A range of models was made.  The Credenza was one of the largest: its
horn, if unfolded, was over 6 feet long! The largest, though, was the
10-50, which had an even larger horn and featured an electric record-
changer but still a mechanical reproducer.  We have both a 10-50 as
well as a 8-9 in our collection (see my web site).  Properly restored,
they are still the best way to enjoy electrical recordings from the
1920s and early 30s!

Columbia and several other companies jumped on the bandwagon, but the
Victor machines were by far the best.

Jim Canavan
Alexandria, VA

(Message sent Fri 10 Mar 2000, 12:04:46 GMT, from time zone GMT-0500.)

Key Words in Subject:  Credenza, Orthophonic, Phonograph, Victor

Home    Archives    Calendar    Gallery    Store    Links    Info   

Enter text below to search the MMD Website with Google

CONTACT FORM: Click HERE to write to the editor, or to post a message about Mechanical Musical Instruments to the MMD

Unless otherwise noted, all opinions are those of the individual authors and may not represent those of the editors. Compilation copyright 1995-2019 by Jody Kravitz.

Please read our Republication Policy before copying information from or creating links to this web site.

Click HERE to contact the webmaster regarding problems with the website.

Please support publication of the MMD by donating online

Pay via PayPal

No PayPal account required

Translate This Page

. .