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MMD > Archives > February 2008 > 2008.02.12 > 01Prev  Next


Wurlitzer Band Organ Factory Ledgers
By Matthew Caulfield

Band Organ Serial Numbers, Repair Dates and Shipping Dates

Jody, Robbie, and I are proud to announce the publication in the
MMDigest Archives of photocopies of two of the three ledgers, known to
have been maintained by the Rudolph Wurlitzer Company, that document
the manufacture, repair, and shipment of its band organs.

The two documents are part of the Richard J. Howe Collection of Musical
Instrument Literature, University of Maryland (College Park) Libraries,
and were supplied through the agency of Art Breitenbach.  They are
available for download at the MMDigest Tech site; look for "Wurlitzer
Band Organ Factory Ledgers" at

   http://www.mmdigest.com/Gallery/Tech/index.html

The first document (file WBOserial.pdf; 6.01 Mb) contains 63 pages,
printable page-by-page.  It is a list, arranged by serial number,
of all band organs manufactured by Wurlitzer from March 7, 1914, to
June 14, 1939.  Approximately 1400 organs are listed, the serial numbers
running from 2847 to 4338.  For each organ, the data given are: serial
number, style number, case finish, order number, date, destination.

The case finish abbreviations are, as far as has been determined:

 G.O. = Golden Oak
 Mah. = Mahogany
 W.O. = White Oak
 F.Oak = Fumed Oak
 S.G. = ?
 C.   = ?

"White", "Drift", and "Gumwood" are also given as case styles, as well
as some combination of the listed terms.

The second document (file WBOrepaired.pdf; 3.48 Mb) contains 32 pages,
also printable page-by-page.  It is a list, arranged by date (of repair
or receipt?), of all organs repaired by the factory.  The data columns
are the same as for the first document because the same pre-printed
ledger sheets were used.  The span of dates covered runs from April 5,
1918, to June 2, 1939.

Not all the organs listed for repair were Wurlitzer band organs --
a few European organs are shown, several from other North Tonawanda
factories, Robert Morton organs, a couple of church organs.  Many
are shown as being remodeled or converted.

The repair ledger is particularly interesting for the number of rarer
Wurlitzer organs listed: two style 166's, three 180's (one designated
"180 Special"), and a huge number of 165's not given in the table of
165's on p. 131 of Ron Bopp's book, "The American Carousel Organ."

These two documents being added to the MMD Archives seem to be
relatively unknown, compared to the famous Wurlitzer shipping dock
records, which everyone knows about, but few have seen.  Copies almost
certainly exist however, because they have passed through several
hands, being sold from one person to another.  It is difficult to
imagine that an owner would sell the original when he had it, without
making a copy to keep.  The shipping dock records are now owned by
David Reidy, Santa Ana, Calif., who says they are deteriorating.

It is hoped that those records can be scanned and added here to shed
still more light on Wurlitzer's band organ business.  The couple of
pages that I have seen suggest that somewhat more detailed data are to
be found in the shipping dock records.  If they were exact duplicates
of the ledgers presented here, there would be little reason for keeping
two sets.  But until someone releases his copy for public examination,
we will not know.

Matthew Caulfield
Irondequoit, New York


(Message sent Tue 12 Feb 2008, 16:26:28 GMT, from time zone GMT-0500.)

Key Words in Subject:  Band, Factory, Ledgers, Organ, Wurlitzer

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