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Botanic names of wood
Wood for Mechanical Music Instruments
compiled by Hans van Oost

Compiled from public domain materials published in the Netherlands by the wood trade organization of Amsterdam, Stichting houtvoorlichtingsinstituut, in cooperation with TNO wood institute of Delft University of Technology.

Seek information on:

  alisier  [http://les.arbres.online.fr/fiches/alisier.htm]
  Sperrholz
  Hartholz
  Weichholz
  Pappelholz
  pecan

  Sorb
  (Sorb) n.[L. sorbus the tree, sorbum the fruit; cf. F. sorbe. See Service tree.] (Bot.)
  (a) The wild service tree (Pyrus torminalis) of Europe; also, the rowan tree.
  (b) The fruit of these trees.

Sorb apple, the fruit of the sorb, or wild service tree. Sorb tree, the wild service tree.

Dryobalanops fusca
Erythrophleum ivorense
Mitragyna ciliata
Ocotea rubra
Oxystigma oxyphyllum

Useful links:
  http://www.tu-cottbus.de/strukturmechanik/indexinh.html  -- Englishe-Deutsche Fachausdrücke
  http://les.arbres.online.fr/ -- Les arbres
  http://les.arbres.free.fr/nomfrancais.htm -- Noms latins, français, anglais des arbres

  http://www.uvm.baden-wuerttemberg.de/nafaweb/berichte/pas_01/pas01.htm
  -- Florenliste von Baden - Württemberg
      Liste der Farn- und Samenpflanzen -(Pteridophyta et Spermatophyta) -
 
 
 
 

Botanical name English Français Deutsch Nederlands local
Abies Alba Whitewood Sapin (blanc), pesse Silbertanne, 
Taxtane, 
Weisstanne, 
Edeltanne
Dennen, Zilverden  
Acanthopanax ricinofolius       Sen Sem, hari-gari, castor arabia, nakora
Acer platanoides
Acer sp.div.
Maple, Sycamore Sycomore, érable Ahorn Esdoorn, Meppelenhout  
Afrormosia elata       Afrormosia mohole, kokrodua, asamela, wahala
Afzelia, sp.div.       Afzelia lingue, pauconta, azodau, papao, apa, aligna, anyan, doussié, bolengu, ovala, uvala, chanfuta, mussacossa, musco, mbembakofi, mkora, maka mong
Agathis sp.div.       Agathis, Kauri kauri, almaciga, damar putih, damar, bindang, menghilan
Alnus glutinosa Alder Aune Erlenholz Elzen  
Andira coriacea Red Cabbage Bark St. Martin rouge   Rode Kabbes angelin
Androstachis Johnsonnii       Mecrussé bekungu, umzubiti
Antiaris africana       Bonkonko bonkombo, kirundu, akédé, ako, kyen, chenchen, oro, ogiovu, andoum, tsangu, mongo, bululu
Araucaria angustifolia     Brasilkiefer, 
Araukarie
Parana Pine Pinho de Parana, Pinheiro, Pinho Braziliero, Pinho Branco
Astronium fraxinifolium Zebrawood, Tigerwood     Gonçalo Alves muiracoatiara, guarubu, gejuira, gateado, guasango, zorro, ronron, ciruello, ormigo, palo mulato, copaiva
Aucoumea klaïneana Gaboon     Okoumé Angouma
Balfourodendron riedelianum Brazilian Ivorywood     Pau Marfim, Ivoorhout marfim, pequia, farinha seca, pau liso, guatambu
Betula lenta Birch Bouleau Birke Berken (US)  
Betula japonica Birch Bouleau Birke Berken (JAP)  
Betula pendula Birch Bouleau Birke Berken (EU)  
Brachylaena hutchensii       Muhuhu  
Bulnesia arborea Verawood (US)   Venezuela 
Pockholz
Vera Pok  
Buxus sempervirens Boxwood     Palmhout  
Buxus macowani Cape box     East-London palmhout  
Carapa guianensis Crabwood     Krappa andiroba
Carpinus betulus Hornbeam Charme, Charmille Weissbuche, Hainbuche, 
Hornbaum
Haagbeuken, Steenbeuken, Witbeuken  
Carya tomentosa 
Carya sp.div.
Pignut 
Mockernut 
Shagbark Hickory
    Hickory  
Castanea sativa
Castanea dentata
Sweet chestnut Chataignier   Kastanje  
Chlorophora excelsa
Chlorophora regia
      Iroko ka téma, semli, odoum, rokko, abang, mandji, simmé, kambala, molundu, mereira, mvule, intule, tule
Chloroxylon swietenia   Citronnier Ceylan   Indisch satijnhout  
Cedrela odorata
Cedrela sp.div.
Cedar Cédrat Cedrela Ceder  
Ceibo pentandra Ceiba Fromager   Fuma enia, okha, doum, kankantrie
Combretodendron africanum       Essia asia, owewe
Cordia goeldiana Jennywood     Freijo freyo, cordiawood
Dacriodes igaganga       Igaganga igaganga, diganga, eyomédiomé, géuméumé, ossabel, ossamvégne
Dalbergia frutescens var. tomentosa Brazilian Tulipwood, Kingwood Bois de rose   Bahia Rozehout Violet Wood, pinkwood, pau rosa
Dalbergia latifolia Indian blackwood, Indian rosewood     Indisch palissander  
Dalbergia melanoxylon African blackwood     Afrikaans grenadille cape-dawson
Dalbergia nigra Rio rosewood     Rio palissander  
Dalbergia retusa, 
Dalbergia sp.div.
Cocobolo     Cocobolo  
Dalbergia stevensonii Honduras rosewood     Honduras palissander  
Dicorynia paraensis Basralocus Angélique   Basterd locus, Zandlocus barakaboeralli, sienga preto
Diospyros celebica Coromandel     Gestreept ebben, Makassars ebben  
Diospyros sp.div. Ebony Ebène   Ebben  
Diospyros virginiana Persimmon     Persimmon  
Diptocarpus tuberculatus       Keroewing, Yang yang, kerup, lagan, tempudau, gurjun, kanyin, apitong
Distemonanthus benthamianus Nigerian satinwood Afrikanisches Zitronenholz   Movingui oguémenia, bonsamdua, barré, eyen, anyan
Dyera costulata Hill jelutong     Jelutong bukit
Entandrophragma angolense Gedu nohor Tiama Tiama Mahonie, Tiama lifuma, mukusu, edinam, abébégné, dilolo rouge
Entandrophragma cylindricum       Mahonie, Sapeli sapele, aboudikro, penkwa, lifaki, lifuti
Entandrophragma utile Utile     Mahonie, Sipo Regina, mebrou, assié, timbi, kosi-kosi, mufumbi
Eperua sp.div. Yoboko Wapa huileux   Walaba, bijlhout pallewie, bois de sabre
Erica arborea Briar root Bruyère Baumheide Bruyère  
Eucalyptus diversicolor       Karri  
Eucalyptus marginata Yarrah     Jarrah  
Fagara flava Satinwood Espenille   Oostindisch satijnhout  
Fagus sylvatica,
Fagus sylvatica (steamed)
Beechwood Hêtre Buchholz Beuken  
Fitzroya cupressoides Lahuan       Alerce
Fraxinus excelsior
Fraxinus sp.div.
Ash Frêne Esche Essen  
Gonystylus bancanus       Ramin melawis
Gossweilerodendron balsamiferum White Tola Tola blanc   Tola Branca  
Gossypyospermum praecox Maracaibo Boxwood Buis Amérique   Westindisch palmhout  
Guarea cedrata
Guarea thompsonii
White guarea, scented guarea, black guarea     Bossé mutigbanaye, ebangbemva, bosassa, obobo, obobonufua
Guiacum officinale
Guiacum sanctum, 
Guiacum sp.div.
Lignum Vitae Gaïac Pockholz Pokhout  
Guibourtia arnoldiana Olive Walnut     Mutenye bengé, mutene, libenge, nténe, tungi
Guibourtia demeusei       Bubinga essingang, okweni, kevazingo, ovang, buvenga
Guibourtia ehie       Ovangkol amazakouè, whimawe, anokye, hyeduanini, palissandro, ovangkol
Guilandia echinata Brazilwood     Pernambukhout  
Hopea odorata       Sao thingan, takien
Hura crepitans Poison Tree, Possum, Hura Wood Sablier, Arbre du diable   Possentrie, Zandkokerboom Assacu, warajoewa, assikwara, assacu
Hymenaea courbaril Locust Courbaril   Locus copalier, jatoba, algarrobbo, guapinol
Intsia bijuga       Merbau ipil, kajoe besi, sekka, mirabow, kwila
Juglans regia Walnut, Noyer Nussbaum Noten  
Juglans nigra Black walnut Noyer Nussbaum Amerikaans noten  
Juniperus procera African Pencil Cedar   Afrikanische 
Bleistift Zeder
Afrikaans potloodceder Muterkwa
Khaya ivorensis Mahogany, African Acajou Afrique   Mahonie, Bassam douala, n'gollan
Larix decidua
Larix sp.div.
Larch Mélèze Lärche Lariks Tamarack, Hackmatack (USA)
Liquidambar styraciflua Red Gum, Sap gum, Hazel pine, Liquid amber     Satijnnoten, Amberhout  
Lirodendron tulipifera Yellow Poplar, Tulip Tree Tulipier Tulpenbaum Tulpeboomhout  
Lovoa trichiloides Apopo, Alona wood (US) Dibétou   Dibétou penkwa, apopo, lovoa, sida, bibolo, embero, eyan, dominguila, lifaki, bombolu, mukusu, nkoba
Libocedrus decurrens California post cedar, pencil cedar     Incense cedar  
Lophira alata Red Ironwood Azobé Bongossi Azobé hendui, kaku, eba, ekki, okoga, akoura, bomkole, aya
Maba sp.div.   Ebène   Ebben  
Malus sylvestris Apple Pommier Apfelbaum Appel  
Mansonia altissima       Mansonia bété, aprono, ofun, koul
Manilkara sp.div. Beefwood, Bulletwood Balata rouge, bois boulet   Paardevleeshout abeille, massaranduba, balata franc, bolletrie
Microberlinia bisulcata Zebra     Zebrano  
Millettia laurentii       Wengé awong
Millettia stuhlmannii       Panga-panga jambire, pangire, mpande
Mitragyna ciliata, 
M. stipulosa
      Abura bahia, subaha, elilom, mukonia, vuku, elelon
Nauclea trillesii       Bilinga badi, kusia, opepe, akondoc, aloma, mokessé, linzi, n'gulu
Nesogordonia papaverifera       Danta kotibé
Ochroma sp.div. Balsa Balsa Balsa Balsa, kurkhout cuano, catillo, tami
Ocotea porosa Brasilian Walnut     Imbuia laurel
Ocotea rodiaei Greenheart     Demerara groenhart Demerara greenheart, sipiroe
Olea europea Olive tree Olivier Olivenholz Olijfhout olivo (It)
Paratecoma peroba White Peroba     Peroba de Campos peroba amarella, p. branca, p. jaune, ipé peroba
Peltogyne confertiflora Purpleheart Amarante, Bois violet   Purperhart popohatti, dastan, korobelli, malako, pau roxo, roxinho
Picea abies Whitewood, Common Spruce, European Spruce, White Deal Epicéa commun, Faux sapin, Pinasse, pesse, sérenté Fichte, Rottanne, Haselfichte, Weissfichte Vuren, fijnspar, vuchte  
Picea sitchensis Silver Spruce     Sitkaspar,  Menzies Spruce, Coast Spruce, Tideland Spruce, Yellow Spruce
Pinus caribaea Nicaragua Pine     Amerikaans grenen  
Pinus echinata Southern Yellow Pine     Carolina pine South Carolina Pine, Loblolly Pine, Shortleaf Pine, Southern Yellow Pine
Pinus elliottii Slash Pine     Amerikaans grenen  
Pinus lambertiana Sugar Pine     Sugar Pine Californian Sugar Pine
Pinus palustris Longleaf Pine     Amerikaans grenen  
Pinus pinaster Maritime Pine Pin noir, Pin maritime Seestrandkiefer Frans grenen, zeepijn, zeeden  
Pinus strobus White Pine, Soft Pine     Weymouth Weymouth Pine, Eastern White Pine, Quebec Yellow Pine
Pinus sylvestris Scots Pine, redwood,  Pin rouge, Pin sylvestre Kiefer, Forle, 
Föhre, Forche
Europees grenen red pine, red of yellow deal
Pinus taeda Southern Yellow Pine     Carolina pine Taeda pine, North Carolina Pine
Piptadeniastrum africana Dahoma     Dabéma agboin, ekhimi, atui, toum, singa, bokungu
Platanus acerifolia
Platanus occidentalis
Plane, Lacewood Platane Platane Plataanhout  
Podocarpus gracilor,
Podocarpus sp.div.
Yellowwood     Podo Musengera
Populus granditentata, Populus sp.div. Cottonwood     Aspen, Espen, Abeel, Populieren, peppelhout  
Prunus avium Cherry, gean, mazzard Cerisier, Merisier Kirsche Kersen  
Pseudotsuga menziesii Douglas Spruce     Oregon Pine Columbia Pine, Oregon Fir, Yellow Fir, Red Fir, Puget sound pine
Pterocarpus angolensis       Muninga kiaat
Pterocarpus soyauxii Barwood, African Padoek Padouk, Corail   Afrikaans Padoek muenge, palo rojo, m'bel, kisésé, mwangura
Pycnanthus angolentis Pycnantus     Ilomba eteng, walélé, otié, akomu
Pyrus communis Pearwood Poirier Birnbaum Perenhout  
Quercus ilex Holm Oak Chêne vert, yeuse, crouzé Stecheiche, 
Steineiche, 
Essigholz
Azijnhout evergreen oak, holly oak, belote oak, Azinho
Quercus mongolica  Japanese oak     Japans eiken  
Quercus rubra Red Oak (US)     Amerikaans eiken  
Quercus petraea
Quercus robur
Oak (UK) Chêne Eiche Eiken  
Ricinodendron heulelottii       Esessang erimado, essang
Robinia pseudoacacia False Acacia, Black Locust (US) Robinier Falsche Akazie Robinia  
Salix alba, Salix sp.div. Willow Saule Weide Wilgen  
Sequoia sempervirens Redwood, sequoia, Coast redwood     Californa Redwood  
Simaruba amara Simaruba, Bitterwood Bois blanc, Marupa   Soemaroepa  
Shorea guiso,  Red Selangan     Red Balau selengan batu merah
Shorea sp.div. Dark Red Meranti     Donkerrode Meranti seraya, nemesu, madjau, melebekan
Shorea laevifolia Bangkirai     Bangkirai benuas
Staudtia stipitata       Niové m'bonda, ekop, bopé, bokapi, kamashi, susumenga
Swietenia macrophylla Mahagony Acajou   Mahonie, Honduras aguano, mogno, caoba
Tabebuia serratifolia Bowwood, Whalebone, Greenheart Ebène vert, Ebène jaune   Surinaams Groenhart  
Tarrieta utilis       Niangon nyankom, ogoué
Tectona grandis Teak   Djatiholz Teak, Djati  
Terminalia ivorensis Black Afara     Framiré bassi, baji, bona, onidjo, agui, idigbo, kokanga, lidia
Terminalia superba Corina, Korina Limba clair, Limba noir,    Limba fraké, ofram, afara, akom, 
Thuja plicata Red Cedar, Giant Cedar     Western Red Cedar British Columbia Cedar, Western Arbor Vitae
Tieghemella heckelii       Makoré okala, baku, wosime, dumori, babou, makarou, aganokwa
Tilia sp.div. Lime, Basswood Tilleul Linde Linden  
Triplochiton scleroxylon       Abachi sam. samba, wawa, obeche, arere, ayous
Tsuga canadensis Eastern Hemlock, Canadian, White Hemlock     Hemlock  
Tsuga heterophylla Western Hemlock, Pacific Hemlock, Prince Albert Fir      Hemlock  
Turraeanthus africanus       Avodiré apaya, engan, lusambu, esu, songo
Ulmus hollandica
Ulmus rubra
Elm Orme Ulme, Rüster Iepen, Olmen  
Virola sebifera Banak (US), Dalli (UK) Saint Jean Rouge   Baboen virola, guinguamadou, ucuhuba
Vouacapoua americana Brownheart, Partridgewood Epi de blé   Bruinhart  


24 June 2002, 27 June 2002, 13 Novemeber 2002

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