Re: Data Base Rollography or Catalog
By Matthew Caulfield
|Robbie's musings on the rollography makes me want to put down here some of the notions that I have taken for granted on this subject, and which probably stem from my experience editing Charles Davis Smith's Welte catalog and from 30 years of book cataloging.|
I'd call the work a catalog, if it's aim was limited to listing and indexing in an organized fashion a particular person's or organization's holdings. The degree to which the catalog would attempt to be authoritative, noting and correcting errors of spelling, wording, and attribution, would be an ad-hoc decision; it would not be essential for the utility of the catalog.
I think of a rollography as a systematic listing of all known rolls intended to form an authoritative guide to the subject. Which means that source errors would be noted and corrected.
Some important data fields which ought to be included in a catalog or rollography are:
* manufacturer/label/number series
roll or item number
type of composition (waltz, overture, march, etc.),
dating (of roll certainly, possibly also of underlying composition)
recording location information
location in collection (for inventory catalog)
known owners (for a 'locating' or 'existence' list
physical condition/characteristics (for catalog)
[ * The rollography of Welte rolls contains duplicate numbers
[ issued by different companies, thus "label" is needed.
[ "Recut" or "Original" roll should be in a catalog, since this
[ indicates quality and replacement value. -- Robbie
Anybody in his right mind who is undertaking a large catalog or rollo- graphy had better give serious consideration to the method he chooses to support his data base.
It would be a serious blunder to use an unsophisticated word-processor type of system, with the result that one would create several concurrent data files (one for roll number, one for title, one for composer, one for performer) and enter each roll separately into each file. This would not only quadruple the work, but also make it impossible to carry out corrections uniformly in each of the files, when it becomes necessary -- as it certainly will -- to correct a tile or a credit, not to mention the fact that human error can creep in 4 times as often as it would otherwise.
The data base needs to be capable of taking one entry per roll and, by means of tagging or fielding of the various elements in the entry, be able to generate the needed listings or indices from that master data set, and to handle the alphabetization automatically (including skipping in the alphabetization the initial articles "the," "an," and "a.") It is a BAD compromise to have to omit the initial articles from the listings because the chosen software isn't capable of sorting them properly. And it is, in my mind, unacceptable to list titles under the initial articles. Of course, if the list contains titles in foreign languages, the initial article problem embraces more than the three English articles.
I leave out for now discussion of basic catalog structure questions as provision of cross references to lead users from where something isn't, but could be, to where it is. Also standardization of spelling of Russian proper names, like Chaikovsky or Tschaikowski or Tchaikowsky, [which vary depending upon which Western European language was used when the Cyrillic was transliterated into the Roman alphabet.]
The idea of reading into a recorder for transcription by a clerk is certainly efficient, but there are dangers -- especially in handling the kind of abstract and non-contextual data like you will be dealing with. I can imagine how a clerk, hearing "Creole Belles, by J. Bodewalt Lampe" through the headphones, will render these data on his keyboard. Possibly "Creole Bells, by Jay Bodeywalt Lampey" or "Three Ol' Belles, by Jabo DeWalt Lampie" or who knows what. And in order to deal with the specific spelling of Russian composer names, the name will have to be spelled out by the speaker. This problem is more critical in rollography production than in catalog production, I think. But it exists to a degree there too.
These are some ideas to consider.
[ Reading the title is a redundant check, actually. If the roll number
[ is correct the full title will be taken from the rollography file.
[ -- Robbie
(Message sent Thu 9 Jan 1997, 17:11:12 GMT, from time zone GMT-0500.)