Mechanical Music Digest  Archives
You Are Not Logged In Login/Get New Account
Please Log In. Accounts are free!
Logged In users are granted additional features including a more current version of the Archives and a simplified process for submitting articles.
Home Archives Calendar Gallery Store Links Info
MMD > Archives > February 2006 > 2006.02.04 > 01Prev  Next

Counter-Melody & the Wurlitzer Trumpet Division
By Hans van Oost

Sections of pipes working independently from the main keyboard are
found in many types of mechanical organs.  In American band organs,
derived from German (Gebr. Bruder) fairground organs, this section
is almost always worked by trumpets only.

In other organs, like the French Gaviolis, the Belgian dance hall organs
and many Dutch street organs, the countermelody section is used for
a large variety of pipe registers, all which have one thing in common:
they sound about an octave lower than the normal "melody" section of
the organ, and they may be used together with this melody section.

The name countermelody is somewhat confusing; the prefix counter- is,
musically speaking, referring to an exaggeration more than to an
opposition.  A counter-tenor is a tenor (usually from British origin)
who has learned to sing about an octave higher than an ordinary tenor,
while a contrabassoon plays an octave lower than a normal one!

Hans van Oost, Netherlands

 [ The Dictionary of Musical Terms, 23rd Edition, 1923, says:
 [   contra (from Latin & Italian): Compounded with names of
 [   instruments, it signifies an octave below, e.g., contrabasso,
 [   a double-bass; contraviolino, a double-bass viol.
 [ The female contralto voice follows this definition ('below alto'),
 [ unlike the countertenor who is 'above tenor'.  -- Robbie

(Message sent Sat 4 Feb 2006, 21:20:17 GMT, from time zone GMT+0100.)

Key Words in Subject:  Counter-Melody, Division, Trumpet, Wurlitzer

Home    Archives    Calendar    Gallery    Store    Links    Info   

Enter text below to search the MMD Website with Google

CONTACT FORM: Click HERE to write to the editor, or to post a message about Mechanical Musical Instruments to the MMD

Unless otherwise noted, all opinions are those of the individual authors and may not represent those of the editors. Compilation copyright 1995-2019 by Jody Kravitz.

Please read our Republication Policy before copying information from or creating links to this web site.

Click HERE to contact the webmaster regarding problems with the website.

Please support publication of the MMD by donating online

Pay via PayPal

No PayPal account required

Translate This Page

. .